Buddha statue quiet lake
ESSENTIAL Teachings of the BUDDHA (pt 3):
Four Lenses of Investigation
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ESSENTIAL Teachings of the BUDDHA (pt 3): Four Lenses of Investigation (25 min.) MP3
Transcript of a talk delivered by Brother ChiSing
June 24, 2012 - Dallas, Texas

The Buddha gave us teachings that were based on his exploration of truth in his own mind and experience and practice. Toward the end of his life, when people asked him, "When you die, what are we going to do? Who are we going to rely on? You have been the teacher of truth for us for so many years," the Buddha said the same thing he said at the beginning of his enlightenment: "Do not believe anything anyone says, even if they claim to be enlightened and even if it's what your religion and culture told you to believe or even if someone with authority says, "It is true," don't believe it, until you have tested it for yourself. Then you can believe it based on your own experience and practice and investigation of the truth."

So basically he said, "You have what you need to rely on, your own ability to investigate and study and practice the truth for yourself. " This is what he meant when he said, "Be a lamp unto yourself, be your own lamp, because the truth is already in you; it just requires a little dusting."

A dust has settled around your beautiful light bulb, but a light is still there, within. So what the Buddha taught was his own experience, and if we investigate the same things he investigated, we may find that he was right. We also may find that we may have a different angle of understanding relevant to our modern times. We may have an understanding that has a little bit more nuance and detail based on the evolution of humanity and modern science and psychology.

I'm going to present four different teachings tonight, but from a different angle than I have taught before. Sometimes during this series of twelve essential teachings of the Buddha, I may go back and talk about the four noble truths and the different parts. This teaching is contained in that, but I may give the traditional teaching later. Tonight I wanted to give you a different angle on four different teachings I recently have been meditating on, so they're not going to necessarily be what the Buddha actually said or taught, but it's based on my own experience and insight; sort of a different angle on these teachings.

I'm going to talk tonight about suffering, impermanence, not-self, and nirvana, or peace. I meditated on what sort of order I wanted to do this in, and this is the order I wanted to teach it. So, I'd like to take these traditional teachings and apply them in a more practical way--experimental way-- for us to use in our meditation practice and in our everyday life practice. Think of these as four different glasses or microscopes or telescopes--however you like to think about it--four different lenses with which we can become clearer in our understanding of truth for ourselves.

So this first teaching on suffering is basically, after your practicing with just concentration and just being present meditation, then you can move on to your insight meditation--investigating reality, right, but I highly recommend if you're new to meditation, keep practicing the concentration aspects of meditation--just feeling the breath--because you need to exercise those meditation muscles until they are strong, because it is difficult to arrive at deep insight without deep mindfulness and concentration developed.

Once you've practiced and developed that, then you can take that to the next step. Meditation isn't just to make you peaceful; that's not the point, although it does have that wonderful byproduct from time to time when your leg doesn't fall asleep, when your neighbor isn't coughing, or whatever--but you learn to just accept things and you come into a place of peace. The reason why we cultivate the peace is not just to have the peace; it's so that we can go deeper into our investigations of truth, by having a mind that is more concentrated and more mindful and a strong mind that is able to deeply be present to reality--then we can penetrate the truth of reality.

I'd like for us to practice toward having an insight into our suffering, so basically look at everything that's happening this week, every moment, see the suffering, see what is the dissatisfaction, see what is the discontent. Find those places or moments or thoughts or feelings or reactions that where you are feeling that discontent or that dissatisfaction or that suffering or that unease and then instead of doing our usual thing of, "Ew, go away, get away from me, I don't want this," just mindfully use it as a lens to look at what are you doing that is feeding that suffering, to see what part you are playing in creating that unease or that discontent.

If you can look deeply then you start seeing this causes suffering, this causes suffering. Even though your motivation was that you wanted pleasure or something pleasant and yet it's causing suffering. In certain aspects it may be causing suffering or unease or discontent. If you can see that more deeply it becomes easier to let go of those causes of suffering--why is that? Because you already are enlightened in your true nature, and that's why when you finally see the truth about something, and then the transition automatically just happens. When you see that when you do this, you cause suffering; when you really see it deeply and truly there is something in you that automatically lets go of that cause of suffering, but the problem is that we don't see it clearly.

We might intellectually have an idea sometimes, "Yeah, that's not so good for me," but emotionally, psychologically, subconsciously, we're still clinging to those causes of suffering. So with your meditation and mindful living in everyday life, we can start seeing the truth of suffering and how we cause so much of our own suffering. We can start letting go as we see the truth and as we let go of those causes.

A simple example: I really love Braum's peppermint ice cream a lot and when I lived in California they didn't have Braum's and for a short time I lived in Minnesota they didn't have Braum's, so when I moved back to Texas the first thing I did was go to Braum's and get peppermint ice cream. Over the last few years, I noticed sometimes that if I was not being very mindful I would just get a whole gallon and watch a movie and eat the whole thing and I didn't realize I was eating the whole thing because I was watching a movie and I felt so sick afterwards. Actually I did this about two or three times before I saw the truth of this cause of suffering and now, from time to time, I still have a desire to eat Braum's ice cream but I'll just get a cone of Braum's ice cream. I won't get a whole gallon because I know myself; if I get the whole gallon I'll probably just eat the whole thing.

Now I kind of let go of that desire; I enjoy the Braum's peppermint ice cream but the craving isn't so strong anymore because I realize it's nice but it's not everything to me--it's not necessarily bringing me bliss and happiness. I don't have to have it all of the time, so now I might go once every two or three months to Braum's but it's no longer this strong craving anymore because I realized the truth, that it's not a source of great happiness. It's pleasant in small doses, but it's not a source of great happiness.

Maybe unconsciously I saw it as a source of great happiness... why? I grew up in Texas and Braum's was one of the things I enjoyed growing up around so I associated it psychologically to comfort, family, old times, being a child. I still smile when I hear an ice cream truck with the music. It reminds me and brings me back to some pleasant memories, but now I know better: if I eat a whole bunch of that, I'm going to be sick. I was able to let go of that craving because now I see why I got that feeling of craving and I don't need it anymore.

As we continue our practice, we can also look at the issue of impermanence. There are many different angles on this teaching, but I am only going to give you one angle tonight, which is to see the things, the people, the situations that we cling to and crave to possess that actually aren't everlasting. We put so much time and energy and effort into things that aren't even permanent. Of course we have to take care of things, but can we do it with less attachment, knowing things are impermanent?

Like when you buy a new car, you just load it and want to clean it and keep everything clean inside and you put so much time and effort into maintaining it but what will it look like one hundred years from now... or your house, or this center? It doesn't mean that we don't take care of things; we do it without attachment. We also investigate how much time and energy do we spend on things that are fleeting or our time and energy on things that are longer lasting?

One example that I am just coming up with in my mind just now is, last year as I was starting to experience some of the early stages of my mid-life crisis (I'm almost 43 now) and I didn't realize that it was a real thing, I thought it was just a joke, but it's truly, at least for me, quite real.

When I started to want to move or get a new car or get a new apartment or someone younger, things like that and I started to want to hang out with younger people and there were a few people that I started to be friends with and I realized that I just really don't like this. I can't relate to anything they interested in and they're constantly on their cellphones texting. It's just a different culture and part of me felt like, oh I can still be young and cool and hip and everything but at least for these particular persons I didn't feel particularly spiritually nourished around them. And I was thinking to myself, "Gosh, all they want to do is go to the mall or things I just don't have any interest in and they don't even want to come to the meditation center--I keep inviting them, so..."

Then I realized, gosh, with the time I'm spending with them, I could be doing other things that are of a much more lasting importance and when I investigated that I said, "Oh." When I saw that, it was very easy to just say, "I'm glad I met you guys, but you know, bye!" Of course they didn't care; they are always changing friends and going off and doing their own thing, so...

Now I'm trying to be more mindful of who am I trying to spend time with and, is this going to be of a much more lasting import? Who am I spending time with and what am I doing with the second half of my life? These are questions that all of us should meditate on, whether we are at midlife or before or after. What am I doing with the second part of my life, what am I spending time on, and what is going to be of a more positive, lasting impact in the world? Since things are changing and impermanent, can I spend more time on the things that are of a more lasting impermanence rather than things that are of just a temporary, fleeting impermanence? Everything is impermanent, even the longer lasting things, so let's focus on the things that will have a much greater impact in the world.

The third teaching on not-self. I'm going to call it, "Not-self," instead of, "Non-self," because I'm going to give it a slight different twist here, not some sort of metaphysical concept or, "What is the self," or whatever... I'm just talking about, "What is not yourself?" as far as your feelings or stories and our judgments and our interpretations and our labels. That's to really investigate, is your clothing yourself? Are your possessions yourself? Start looking at how much importance you put into those things that are not even your true self and how much time and effort you put into that. There's nothing wrong with taking care of your appearance. I do that every day when I shower and shave and comb my hair and put on my clothes-- it's nice!

But when I think of how many minutes every day I do that, it adds up a lot of time. So it's not about not taking care of these things but just realize, these are not myself... I am not my appearance, I am not my clothing, I am not the designer labels I wear, I'm not the car I drive, I'm not my job (that's a big one, right, "I'm not my job?"), so you start to take away all of your psychological and emotional and spiritual energy from these labels and definitions that instead of becoming useful have become a trap to you, so start letting go of attachment to those things so that you can spend more time and energy on what is really important.

One enlightened teacher once said, "That the only reason why you are here is to be enlightened, that's it, everything else is secondary or sometimes a false goal."

When we investigate that, because enlightenment is simply to realize your true self, that's your real career too, so to realize your true self and to be that in the world... to realize the light that you are and to shine that light in the world... that's really your only purpose here. If you are spending a lot of time and energy on certain relationships that aren't really serving the world or on certain habits that are not serving the world, like Facebook (Some people have allowed Facebook and the Internet to be a little bit more than necessary)...So what I'm teaching tonight is not absolute truth; it's just a method of investigation, because you still have to find the truth for yourself.

The fourth teaching is on nirvana and I'm not going to talk about ultimate nirvana or anything like that. I'm just going to talk about investigating, "Ok, whatever situation you are in, what is the nirvana here? What is the truth here? What is the lesson here? What is the jewel here? What is the wisdom here? If you are going through a difficult situation or you are in a situation that you really don't like being in or something like that or when you remember the past and certain things that were very negative for you and you wonder why that happened... instead of going into a place of anger or regret or hatred, see if you can just rest in the wisdom, the lesson that is there for you. Try to see everything through the lens of, "What jewel can I take from this experience?"

As you go through this next week, look at everything through these four lenses: what is a suffering and how am I causing it, and look at how much time you spend on the impermanent versus that which is of a much more longer lasting importance and also see how you identify yourself with things and other relationships and jobs and other things rather than relating to your true self and also, fourthly, in everything that's happening, keep asking yourself the question, "Ok, what is the wisdom here, what is the lesson here, what is the truth here, what is the jewel in this situation?" And that way it can help us not to fall into despair or feel completely overwhelmed by any situation no matter how negative it may be to find the jewel in it. Don't focus, so much, on the overwhelm, but focus on finding the jewel in it.

That's just my little teaching for tonight on these four topics; it's definitely not exhaustive and there is another way of teaching it from the traditional point of view, which I'll do in a few weeks or months, but I just wanted to share four different lenses for looking at our experience... so that's your homework for this week because this isn't absolute truth, it's just pointers for you to investigate the truth. See if you can find some insight in your meditation and life experience this week, looking at everything from these four lenses, angles... ok... thank you.

Transcribed by Jessica Hitch

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